During the first 12 months of life, a baby will triple its weight and increase its length by up to 50%. The increase in weight and height are the most important indices that allow us to elucidate the nutritional status. Their exact measurement on a regular basis shows us their evolution compared to growth charts. These measures are tools to track the child's progress during the first year of life.
Breastfed children are the intelligent children:
Breastfeeding on demand is the best form of feeding for full term babies. It provides all the nutrients needed for optimal growth and development of the baby.
The amino acid and fatty acid composition of breast milk are ideal to meet the nutritional needs of the baby at this stage of accelerated growth, especially for the brain. Breast milk also contains anti-bacterial agents, including immunoglobulin’s that play a crucial role in the development of the baby's immune function. Colostrums, a fluid produced by the mammary gland during the first few days after birth is especially rich in protein and contains very high concentrations of vitamins and minerals, colostrums also contains antibodies, anti-inflammatory factors, growth factors, enzymes And hormones, which are beneficial for the baby's growth and subsequent development.
A recent study shows that children who were breastfed for a longer time scored higher on intelligence and language tests between the ages of seven and seven. Researchers found that for every additional month that women fed their children with breast milk, the children performed somewhat better on the tests.
Children who were breastfed for six months with breast milk alone had an average of 3 more points on language tests than those who were fed only on artificial breastfeeding.
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Researchers at Boston Children's Hospital concluded that breast milk can increase both the size and plasticity of the baby's brain, that is, its ability to adapt to new intellectual and cognitive challenges. The main reason supporting these findings is related to the content of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) in breast milk.
Breastfeeding is the best option to feed our baby for both physiological reasons, as well as psychological and emotional reasons. The results obtained in different studies justify the use of breastfeeding not only for what we have just seen but also for the good cognitive development of the baby and the role it plays in the future of it.
However, work commitments do not always allow the use of breast milk as a staple food for the baby. For these cases, there are prepared formulas on the market that mimic the composition of breast milk. The composition of this starting and continuing preparations should comply with the guidelines established by the European Union and the World Health Organization. Infants fed artificial formulas will also be fed "on demand" and the preparation of these will be carried out strictly according to the manufacturer's instructions.
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